const app = {
lines: document.getElementById('lines'),
textbox: createTextbox(),
lineTemplate: createLineTemplate(),
}

const socket = connect(
`ws://${location.host}/app`,
{

initial({ lines, uuid, charLimit }) {
app.uuid = uuid
app.charLimit = charLimit
lines.forEach(addLine)
},

added(line) {
addLine(line)
},

removed(i) {
app.lines.children[i].remove()
},

server.onclose = (ws) => {
if (ws.line) {
const i = lines.indexOf(ws.line)
lines.splice(i, 1)
server.sendToAll({ removed: i })
}
}

server.commands = {

begin(ws) {
const line = {
hash: ws.hash,
uuid: ws.uuid,
text: '',
}

ws.line = line
lines.push(line)
server.sendToAll({ added: line })
},

run() {
console.log(`Running on port ${this.port}`)

this.wss = new WebSocket.Server({
port: this.port,
verifyClient: this.verify.bind(this)
})

setInterval(
this.prune.bind(this),
this.pruneInterval * 1000
)

this.wss.on(
'connection',
this.connection.bind(this)
)
}

Steven Degutis

Full-stack software developer for hire

How to Learn

June 14, 2010 — 7 years ago
Note: This article was written 7 years ago. It may refer to files or websites lost to the ages. It may advocate outdated practices. Take it with a grain of salt.

IRC is an amazing source of people. Some not very motivated, some very motivated. Some work at Apple, some at Google or Yahoo or Microsoft. Some have no jobs, some own their own companies. IRC is a very diverse place, with diverse topics ranging from apache's #httpd to #ruby to #svn to #macdev to #macruby to #ubuntu and #macosx and #windows and #bb4win and #freebasic and #bash and #pylons and even #cooking (seriously).

But it can be a mean place, a nasty place. It (mostly) all depends on you and your attitude. If you go in expecting nothing but freebies, as if you were inserting coins to get a quick answer, you will not get far. However, that's not to say you can't get answers.

See, people on IRC are usually there because they want to sharpen their skills. Just like you, they want to learn. Especially the very helpful people. They usually just want to keep their skills up to date and make sure they constantly maintain a deep understanding of their tools.

Ask the right questions and you get amazing answers. Ask a question that's easily found with 5 minutes and a search engine, and someone will undoubtedly create a website with an abbreviation something like (and keep in mind this is pure conjecture) LMGTFY.

If you want to really become an expert at a tool, make thorough use of credible guides, and to supplement that (not replace it) join IRC and ask your question. However, don't forget to follow the fundamental rules on asking well-formed questions.

However, don't just read any tutorial or guide on the net. Learn what document/reference is credible and which is not. Want to know a great way to learn which are credible and which are not? If you aren't sure if a document is relevant/outdated/credible/etc, first, apply all your common sense; throw everything you got at it. If you're still unsure, ask in IRC! See? IRC is the swiss army knife of intelligence.

But the best tip of all that I can give relating learning via IRC is this: build relationships; remember who people are, and what they have taught you. These aren't just AI bots, they're people just like you who want to learn and to build relationships with other amazing people.

The end.

Update: Someone brought it to my attention that a lot of IRC is "blah blah lulz" which is very true and very sad. Those channels and those people waste a lot of time on IRC, it's their social life.

The trick is knowing which channels and which people to avoid. For example, I'm told that #macosx and #iphonedev and #macdev are mostly noise and boring cliquey chitchat. (I don't visit those much so I don't know.)

But then there are places like #giantrobot which are multi-faceted and topicless and diverse, and which contain people who really value their time and aren't going to waste a ton of it on IRC.

Also, IRC is a lot slower paced than many people think. Most of us either have a proxy on a remote server which is always connected to the channel, or we run something like irssi on a remote server which we ssh into via screen. This is so even after we close our laptops for a few hours or days, when we open it up again, we can see everything we missed (particularly, when someone private-messaged us or said something to us).

This usually means someone will pop in and say hi, and leave because nobody responds for 7 hours. That happens because they look at IRC as short-term communication, when often, we only pop in a few times a day (including when we need help on a topic). I recommend getting a remote shell with irssi or something and logging in whenever you want to pop into a channel to say hi or ask a question.

One last thing: always type /topic first when joining a channel and obey their rules (even the stupid ones)! If you don't, you might quickly get banned for life, which means you were probably just shut out of a very helpful and intelligent community. Not a good idea.

The end, for real this time.

About me

My name is Steven Degutis, and I've been writing software professionally for almost a decade. During that time, I've written many apps and websites, quite a few techical articles, and kept up-to-date with the rapidly evolving software industry.

If you have software needs for web, mobile, or desktop, and are looking for a seasoned software professional, please reach out to me at sbdegutis@gmail.com to set up a phone call.

Work Experience

  • Self-employed – present
  • Clean Coders – 5 years
  • 8th Light – 2 years
  • Big Nerd Ranch – 1 year
  • Self-employed - 1 year

Platforms

  • Web: full-stack
  • iOS (UIKit)
  • macOS (Cocoa)
  • REST APIs
  • AWS / EC2 / ELB

Languages

  • JavaScript
  • HTML5 / CSS
  • Swift
  • Objective-C
  • Clojure

Frameworks

  • Node.js
  • Express.js
  • React
  • Vue.js
  • Electron

Technical articles

Over the past decade, I've written a total of 169 technical articles on various programming languages, frameworks, best practices, and my own projects, as I kept up-to-date and active in the software industry.

Subscribe via RSS / Atom.

Chronological

Portfolio

Here are some of the projects I'm most proud of. They were created using a variety of technologies, running on several different platforms and OSes. They're all finished products, and many of them are open source.

CleanCoders.com

Website - Online Video Store

I wrote this web store for Robert "Uncle Bob" Martin, using Clojure for the back-end, and JavaScript for the front-end. Over the course of 5 years, I took the site from a simple three-page website to a full enterprise-ready business solution, with nearly 100% test coverage.

  • Clojure
  • Datomic
  • jQuery / D3.js
  • JavaScript
  • ClojureScript

Docks

macOS app - Dock Utility

I made Docks in 2009 for users who wanted to swap out icons in their Dock with a single click. Its unique functionality and design aesthetic attracted the attention of Apple, Engadget, MacWorld, and led to an acquisition of my start-up by Big Nerd Ranch.

  • Apple.com Staff Pick
  • MacWorld 4/5 Rating
  • MacWorld Gem of the Year
  • Featured on Engadget.com

Leviathan

macOS app - Clojure IDE

Source Code

While working on CleanCoders.com, a website written completely in Clojure, I increased my productivity by building a custom IDE for macOS designed specifically for Clojure projects.

  • Objective-C
  • Clojure
  • C / C++
  • Cocoa
  • Themeable

Zephyros

macOS app - Hackable Automation

Source Code

This began as an experiment to see how many languages I could use to script a custom macOS window manager using our custom TCP protocol. Eventually it had bindings for Clojure, Ruby, Python, Go, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, Node.js, Chicken Sceme, and Racket, as well as other community additions.

  • TCP / Unix sockets
  • Custom protocol
  • Highly Scriptable
  • 10+ language bindings
  • Open source community

Bubble Maker

iOS app - Bubble simulator

This toy was made in a weekend to entertain my 1 year old daughter. It lets you create bubbles with your fingers, which then simulate physics by bumping into each other and falling.

  • SpirteKit
  • Custom art
  • Physics simulation
  • iOS
  • tvOS

Quick List

iOS app - Todo list app

When I couldn't find an app in the App Store that let me make very simple lists extremely quickly, I made one myself. I use it almost every day to organize and track my activities.

  • In-app purchases
  • Custom UI / UX
  • Social media
  • App Store artwork
  • Spring animations

sdegutis.com

Website - Personal Portfolio

Source Code

This very site itself was written from scratch in about a day. It uses best practices for modern responsive web design, and a custom build phase to compile the sources into a single HTML file.

  • Node.js
  • Pug / Jade
  • LessCSS
  • HTML5
  • WebSockets

2048

Java app - Game

Source Code

The game 2048 (created by Gabriele Cirulli) is so fun that my kids wanted their own copy. So I wrote this version in Java 8, using JavaFx for attractive graphics and silky smooth animations.

  • Java 8
  • JavaFx
  • Modular code
  • Customizable
  • Animations

Mjolnir

macOS app - Window Manager

Source Code

I created this app to increase my productivity by letting me move windows around in macOS using keyboard shortcuts. It grew into a community-driven highly extensible app, using Lua for its plugin system.

  • Objective-C
  • Embedded Lua
  • Plugin system
  • Fully documented
  • 5,000 GitHub stars

AffluentConfidante.com

Website - Social Network

Implementing this elite social network gave me experience integrating both Apple Pay and credit card payments (via Stripe.com) seamlessly into web apps, for a frictionless and pain-free payment experience.

  • Clojure
  • Elastic Beanstalk
  • PostgreSQL
  • Stripe.com
  • Apple Pay

HyperChat

Website - Live Chatroom

Source Code

This isn't just any chatroom. In this web app, you can see what everyone is typing while they type it. I made this in order to scratch my itch for making real-time apps and games, and learned how to use WebSockets in the process.

  • JavaScript
  • WebSockets
  • Node.js
  • Vue.js
  • CSS

Bahamut

macOS app - Music Player

Source Code

As iTunes went through many user interface changes, I wanted an app that was consistent, intuitive, and easy to use. So I created Bahamut, a minimal music player for macOS with a custom user interface.

  • Objective-C
  • Custom UI
  • Cocoa
  • Core Data
  • AVFoundation

Chatter

macOS app - Chat (IRC) Client

Source Code

This was written in 2009, before the time of Slack, when IRC was the main way for programmers to get short-term assistance from each other. Its purpose was to be a beautiful app with an emphasis on simplicity and usability over technical power.

  • Async networking
  • Core Animation
  • Core Text
  • IRC Protocol
  • UI Design

AppGrid

macOS app - Window Manager

Source Code

This is an app I actually use every single day. It lets you move windows with global keyboard shortcuts. Since it uses Vim-like key bindings, it should feel pretty natural to any programmer. There's no configuration needed; it Just Works™.

  • Minimalist UI
  • Simple UI
  • Vim-like Hotkeys
  • Global Hotkeys
  • Zero-configuration

Hydra

macOS app - Lua window manager

Source Code

As an evolution of Phoenix, Hydra was my first attempt at embedding a full Lua virtual machine into an Objective-C app, to make a lightweight and efficient window manager that focused on speed, low memory usage, low CPU usage, and overall being gentle on laptop batteries.

  • Embedded Lua
  • Generated docs
  • Lightweight
  • Memory efficient
  • CPU efficient

Phoenix

macOS app - JavaScript window manager

Source Code

As an evolution of Zephyros, Phoenix was my attempt to use Cocoa's native JavaScript bindings to make a more lightweight and efficient window manager, that focused on speed, low memory usage, low CPU usage, and overall being gentle on laptop batteries.

  • JavaScriptCore
  • JavaScript API
  • Lightweight
  • Memory efficient
  • CPU efficient

Smaller projects

These may be tiny, but they're interesting technical feats.

Lua4SwiftSwift framework for embedding Lua with a native Swift API.
chooseCommand line fuzzy-matching tool for macOS that uses a GUI
musicCommand line music daemon for macOS that only speaks JSON
hectoCommand line text editor with an embedded Lua plugin system
ZephSharpWindow manager for Windows using Clojure for scripting
managementMinimalist EC2 configuration & deployment tool in Ruby.
go.assertAssertion helper package for writing tests in Go.
go.shattrGo library for printing shell-attributed strings to stdout.
OCDSpec2Objective-C based testing framework with Xcode integration.