const app = {
lines: document.getElementById('lines'),
textbox: createTextbox(),
lineTemplate: createLineTemplate(),

const socket = connect(

initial({ lines, uuid, charLimit }) {
app.uuid = uuid
app.charLimit = charLimit

added(line) {

removed(i) {

server.onclose = (ws) => {
if (ws.line) {
const i = lines.indexOf(ws.line)
lines.splice(i, 1)
server.sendToAll({ removed: i })

server.commands = {

begin(ws) {
const line = {
hash: ws.hash,
uuid: ws.uuid,
text: '',

ws.line = line
server.sendToAll({ added: line })

run() {
console.log(`Running on port ${this.port}`)

this.wss = new WebSocket.Server({
port: this.port,
verifyClient: this.verify.bind(this)

this.pruneInterval * 1000


Steven Degutis

Full-stack software developer for hire

Bomberman Clone

December 15, 2013

During my upcoming Christmas vacation, I was planning to either write a really basic and (hopefully) fast Lisp interpreter, or write a simple networked Bomberman clone.

The bomberman clone would be called EMP Activist, where the players are robots who drive around on treads, and who plant EMPs and activate them (hence the title).

EMP Activist

The EMPs would disable the battery in any player in its path until the next round, so it couldn’t drive around. The map would be littered with opaque force fields which dissolve instantly when an EMP activates in its range, revealing useful items.

One item would be a temporary battery, allowing a robot to sustain any amount of EMP blasts for 10-seconds without being disabled. Another would be hydraulic springs, allowing it to “bounce” across the map. Another would be extra treads, allowing it to go faster.

Game architecture

The whole idea was to make a game that I could play against my brother and my kids, over our LAN on our various computers. To make things way simple, instead of graphics files it would just use colored shapes at first. Gameplay would ideally be as smooth as butter on a baby’s face.

In order to play over the network, I was researching server/client architectures. Here’s the game plan I’ve come up with based on the most credible stuff I found:

The server should be in charge of the entire game. The server sends each client everything they need to know in order to draw the entire game view. To have a smooth framerate, it sends this data 30 times per second. It’s okay if packets are lost, since the next packets will overwrite the display completely anyway. We’ll use UDP for this.

In order to not have any fragmentation of datagrams, we’ll send the entire game state in 508 octets or less (1 octet = 8 bits). For example: “there’s a player at 0,3 pixels facing right”, or “there’s an EMP at 30,30 pixels”. It doesn’t need to send info about hidden items, for instance, since client’s don’t draw that. It could represent a player as “003” to save on bytes, as the coordinates followed by direction. Same with EMPs, items, blocks, etc. All coordinates will be pixel-based, since clients only care about drawing, not about game-logic details.

Besides drawing this data, the only other responsibility clients will have is to receive keyboard events, interpret them, and send the resulting game-actions to the server. For example, pressing the “w” key means “start-walk-up” and releasing it means “stop-walk-up”.

I’m a bit nervous about the idea of sending a single message to start walking and a single message to stop, since the packet may be dropped, making things very confusing to the user. One option is to built TCP’s reliability on top of UDP, and that sounds scary. Another option is to continuously send the “walk-up” action while the key is pressed, and stop sending it once it’s released. This could also lead to user-confusion if packets are dropped, but probably not as severely.

Game logic

I think this will be the easiest part, and it has the least unknowns, which is why I’m saving it for doing last. Each object on screen will be represented as a hash-map, containing its pixel-coordinates, animation-state if relevant (1 to N, then loops back to 1), and direction if relevant.

When an EMP “activates”, it will disappear from the game state, and an “EMP-activation” (explosion) object will be created with base-coordinates relative to the old EMP. This too will have its own animation-state. While it exists, if anything exists in its path, collision detection will kick in, and something else will change depending on what collided with it.

Remaining Known Unknowns

Regarding animations and player-movements, what timer will they be based on? Will the FPS-timer (every 1/30 seconds) be responsible for changing these values? Or should there be another timer that does these things?

I don’t fully understand UDP and datagrams yet. I know that 508 octets is the sweet spot for avoiding fragmentation, but do I have to force my messages to take up 508 bytes and include filler at the end?

Since I know I’m only going to be playing this over a LAN, I wonder if there are simplifications I can make to this design.

Source code

I wanted my brother and kids to be able to play this with me. Between us, we have my work computer (Mac Pro), my laptop (rMBP), the family computer (linux), and my brother’s computer (Windows 8). So I needed to write this in something cross-platform.

Right now, it’s written in Clojure. Mostly this is because a JVM app is pretty easy to get running on any OS. I wrote a simple GUI-based hello-world in Clojure in like 30 minutes the other night, and got it running on my brother’s Windows 8 machine.

But originally I wanted to write this in C, and I still do. The problem is, I couldn’t figure out how to create a platform-independent executable and run it on all 3 operating systems as easily as the JVM does. If anyone knows of a way to do this, please let me know, because I’d really like to try this in C (all except the UDP stuff which really scares me).

The source can be found here:

About me


My name is Steven Degutis, and I've been writing software professionally for a decade. During that time, I've written many apps and websites, quite a few technical articles, and kept up-to-date with the rapidly evolving software industry.

If you have software needs for web, mobile, or desktop, and are looking for a seasoned software professional, please reach out to me at to set up a phone call.

Work Experience

  • Self-employed – present
  • Clean Coders – 5 years
  • 8th Light – 2 years
  • Big Nerd Ranch – 1 year
  • Self-employed - 1 year


  • Web: full-stack
  • iOS (UIKit)
  • macOS (Cocoa)
  • AWS / EC2 / ELB


  • JavaScript
  • HTML5 / CSS
  • Swift
  • Objective-C
  • Clojure


  • Node.js
  • Express.js
  • React
  • Vue.js
  • Electron

Technical articles

Over the past decade, I've written a total of 172 technical articles on various programming languages, frameworks, best practices, and my own projects, as I kept up-to-date and active in the software industry.

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Here are some of the projects I'm most proud of. They were created using a variety of technologies, running on several different platforms and OSes. They're all finished products, and many of them are open source.

Website - Online Video Store

I wrote this web store for Robert "Uncle Bob" Martin, using Clojure for the back-end, and JavaScript for the front-end. Over the course of 5 years, I took the site from a simple three-page website to a full enterprise-ready business solution, with nearly 100% test coverage.

  • Clojure
  • Datomic
  • jQuery / D3.js
  • JavaScript
  • ClojureScript


macOS app - Dock Utility

I made Docks in 2009 for users who wanted to swap out icons in their Dock with a single click. Its unique functionality and design aesthetic attracted the attention of Apple, Engadget, MacWorld, and led to an acquisition of my start-up by Big Nerd Ranch.

  • Staff Pick
  • MacWorld 4/5 Rating
  • MacWorld Gem of the Year
  • Featured on


macOS app - Clojure IDE

Source Code

While working on, a website written completely in Clojure, I increased my productivity by building a custom IDE for macOS designed specifically for Clojure projects.

  • Objective-C
  • Clojure
  • C / C++
  • Cocoa
  • Themeable


macOS app - Hackable Automation

Source Code

This began as an experiment to see how many languages I could use to script a custom macOS window manager using our custom TCP protocol. Eventually it had bindings for Clojure, Ruby, Python, Go, JavaScript, CoffeeScript, Node.js, Chicken Sceme, and Racket, as well as other community additions.

  • TCP / Unix sockets
  • Custom protocol
  • Highly Scriptable
  • 10+ language bindings
  • Open source community

Bubble Maker

iOS app - Bubble simulator

This toy was made in a weekend to entertain my 1 year old daughter. It lets you create bubbles with your fingers, which then simulate physics by bumping into each other and falling.

  • SpirteKit
  • Custom art
  • Physics simulation
  • iOS
  • tvOS

Quick List

iOS app - Todo list app

When I couldn't find an app in the App Store that let me make very simple lists extremely quickly, I made one myself. I use it almost every day to organize and track my activities.

  • In-app purchases
  • Custom UI / UX
  • Social media
  • App Store artwork
  • Spring animations

Website - Personal Portfolio

Source Code

This very site itself was written from scratch in about a day. It uses best practices for modern responsive web design, and a custom build phase to compile the sources into a single HTML file.

  • Node.js
  • Pug / Jade
  • LessCSS
  • HTML5
  • WebSockets


Java app - Game

Source Code

The game 2048 (created by Gabriele Cirulli) is so fun that my kids wanted their own copy. So I wrote this version in Java 8, using JavaFx for attractive graphics and silky smooth animations.

  • Java 8
  • JavaFx
  • Modular code
  • Customizable
  • Animations


macOS app - Window Manager

Source Code

I created this app to increase my productivity by letting me move windows around in macOS using keyboard shortcuts. It grew into a community-driven highly extensible app, using Lua for its plugin system.

  • Objective-C
  • Embedded Lua
  • Plugin system
  • Fully documented
  • 5,000 GitHub stars

Website - Social Network

Implementing this elite social network gave me experience integrating both Apple Pay and credit card payments (via seamlessly into web apps, for a frictionless and pain-free payment experience.

  • Clojure
  • Elastic Beanstalk
  • PostgreSQL
  • Apple Pay


Website - Live Chatroom

Source Code

This isn't just any chatroom. In this web app, you can see what everyone is typing while they type it. I made this in order to scratch my itch for making real-time apps and games, and learned how to use WebSockets in the process.

  • JavaScript
  • WebSockets
  • Node.js
  • Vue.js
  • CSS


macOS app - Music Player

Source Code

As iTunes went through many user interface changes, I wanted an app that was consistent, intuitive, and easy to use. So I created Bahamut, a minimal music player for macOS with a custom user interface.

  • Objective-C
  • Custom UI
  • Cocoa
  • Core Data
  • AVFoundation


macOS app - Chat (IRC) Client

Source Code

This was written in 2009, before the time of Slack, when IRC was the main way for programmers to get short-term assistance from each other. Its purpose was to be a beautiful app with an emphasis on simplicity and usability over technical power.

  • Async networking
  • Core Animation
  • Core Text
  • IRC Protocol
  • UI Design


macOS app - Window Manager

Source Code

This is an app I actually use every single day. It lets you move windows with global keyboard shortcuts. Since it uses Vim-like key bindings, it should feel pretty natural to any programmer. There's no configuration needed; it Just Works™.

  • Minimalist UI
  • Simple UI
  • Vim-like Hotkeys
  • Global Hotkeys
  • Zero-configuration


macOS app - Lua window manager

Source Code

As an evolution of Phoenix, Hydra was my first attempt at embedding a full Lua virtual machine into an Objective-C app, to make a lightweight and efficient window manager that focused on speed, low memory usage, low CPU usage, and overall being gentle on laptop batteries.

  • Embedded Lua
  • Generated docs
  • Lightweight
  • Memory efficient
  • CPU efficient


macOS app - JavaScript window manager

Source Code

As an evolution of Zephyros, Phoenix was my attempt to use Cocoa's native JavaScript bindings to make a more lightweight and efficient window manager, that focused on speed, low memory usage, low CPU usage, and overall being gentle on laptop batteries.

  • JavaScriptCore
  • JavaScript API
  • Lightweight
  • Memory efficient
  • CPU efficient

Smaller projects

These may be tiny, but they're interesting technical feats.

Lua4Swift Swift framework for embedding Lua with a native Swift API.
choose Command line fuzzy-matching tool for macOS that uses a GUI
music Command line music daemon for macOS that only speaks JSON
hecto Command line text editor with an embedded Lua plugin system
ZephSharp Window manager for Windows using Clojure for scripting
management Minimalist EC2 configuration & deployment tool in Ruby.
go.assert Assertion helper package for writing tests in Go.
go.shattr Go library for printing shell-attributed strings to stdout.
OCDSpec2 Objective-C based testing framework with Xcode integration.